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Mitchelville and Emancipation
Lesson Plans for Mitchelville and Emancipation
Mitchelville and Emancipation [Adobe .pdf]
Mitchelville and Emancipation [Text Document]
Mitchelville Presentation [Powerpoint Presentation]
Links to additional Mitchelville Informationmore...
Also see Mitchelville.
This area includes a portion of Mitchelville and all of Camp Baird; recommend addition of South Locus which includes four areas of concern:
Western corner - Civil War Remains
Disturbed Prehistoric Shell Midden
Postbellum Domestic Locus
Eastern Domestic Locus, possibly related to Mitchelville
Brockington, An Archaeological Survey of the 29 Acre Palmetto Headlands Phase V Tract, Beaufort County, South Carolina, p. 25more...
Historic Hilton Head Teacher Resources
The Heritage Library, as a result of our Civil War research, has created lesson plans and gathered supplemental resources as an aid to elementary, middle school, and high school teachers for the teaching of African-American and Civil War History.
Heritage Library Lesson Plan Templates
Template for Lesson Plans in Microsoft Word Format
Template for Lesson Plans in Adobe .pdf Format
The Story of Robbers Row in Port Royal Plantation, Hilton Head Island - Lesson Plans and Resources
The Story of Mitchelville and the Emancipation Proclamation - Lesson Plans and Resources
The Military Importance of Hilton Head Island during the Civil War andmore...
The People of Mitchelville, 1862-1868
The success of Union forces in the Battle of Port Royal on Nov. 7, 1861, gave the Union control over Hilton Head Island, Beaufort, and the Atlantic coastline south to Jacksonville. It also opened the door to freedom for slaves in the Sea Islands.
By the hundreds, African Americans sought refuge from former masters by fleeing to Union-held territory. Hilton Head Island, the headquarters of the Department of the South, initially attracted those slaves left behind on the Island when southern planters fled and subsequently provided a haven to slaves from the surrounding area, including Georgia and Florida, as well.
Hilton Head in the Civil War
On November 7, 1861, a Union naval squadron under the command of Flag Officer Samuel F. Dupont, with General Thomas W. Sherman in charge of the troops, sailed into Port Royal Sound and captured Hilton Head Island on the west and Ft. Beauregard on the east side of the sound. The Battle of Port Royal was the largest naval engagement ever fought in American waters. The battle lasted 5 hours before the planters and the Confederate soldiers fled. Hilton Head was named the Headquarters of the Department of the South, Ft. Walker was renamed Ft. Welles, and the town was calledmore...
Testing done by Chicora Foundation in 1986 and by Brockington Associates in 1989
Carolina, p. 16
In 1862 about 200 acres (of Fish Haul Plantation) was used to create the freedman's village of Mitchelville.
Trinkley, Chicora Research Series 28, Archaeological Testing at the Stoney/Baynard Plantation, Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South
On April 17, 1875, the heirs of Mary Baynard Pope paid $407.83 for about 1300 acres including...the village of Mitchelville.
Trinkley, Chicora Research Series 17, Archaeological Survey of Barker Field Expansion, Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina
38BU79/1151 includes a portion of Mitchelville and all of Camp Baird and recommends the addition of South Locus duemore...
History Program Descriptions
January 19 - Historic Sites of Hilton Head Island: Join us for a 1 and 1/2-hour talk about the history of Hilton Head Island and the historic sites on the island accompanied by a map that you can then use for your own self-guided tour of the sites by car or by bicycle. Hilton Head Island has an extensive and varied history, and much of that history can still be seen and enjoyed at a variety of sites around the island. See the tabby remains of the Stoney-Baynard plantation house in Sea Pines, and the ramparts of Ft. Mitchel in Hilton Head Plantation. Visitmore...
On November 7, 1861 Hilton Head Island was captured by Union forces after their victory during the Battle of Port Royal. The large invasion force consisting of 77 ships, 13,000 troops, and 1,500 cavalry (the largest since WWII) was gradually reduced in the years following as troops were needed elsewhere. With the garrison on Hilton Head Island dramatically reduced, it was deemed necessary that a series of forts be constructed to defend Hilton Head Island from attack.
One such fort was Fort Howell. It was built specifically to protect the freedman’s village of Mitchellville and was constructed with the aidmore...
American Revolution Round Table - SC
Arts and Cultural Council of Hilton Head
Black Chamber of Commerce
Beaufort County Historical Resources Consortium
Beaufort County Historical Society
Historical Preservation Society
Captain William Hilton Chapter, Daughters of American Revolution
Coastal Discovery Museum
Community Foundation of the Lowcountry
Daufuskie Island Historical Foundation
Emily Geiger Chapter,
Daughters of American Revolution
Hilton Head Island - Bluffton Chamber of Commerce
Hilton Head Island Computer Club
Historic Beaufort Foundation
Island Writers' Network
Lowcountry Civil War Roundtable
Mitchelville Preservation Project
South Carolina Historical Society
The Island Packet
University of South Carolina, Beaufort
2016 History Programs
Tuesday Morning History Programs
Tuesdays 10:30 am$10 Per Person; Reservations RequiredCall 843-686-6560 or click here to register online
April 5 - Historic Sites of Hilton Head Island: Join us for a 1 and 1/2-hour talk about the history of Hilton Head Island and the historic sites on the island accompanied by a map that you can then use for your own self-guided tour of the sites by car or by bicycle.
Hilton Head Island has an extensive and varied history, and much of that history can still be seen and enjoyed at a variety of sites around the island. See the tabby remains ofmore...
2015 History Programs
Tuesday Morning History Programs
Tuesdays 10:30 am$10 Per Person; Reservations Required
October 6 - The Story of Santa Elena: Before Jamestown and Plymouth, there was the Spanish settlement of Santa Elena on Port Royal Sound in Beaufort County, SC. The story of Santa Elena, founded in 1566 on Parris Island, is one of religion, geopolitics, cultural clashes, war and struggles to survive. It also is little known — even in South Carolina, where colonial European powers France and Spain established beachheads in the New World.
October 13 - Early Explorers of the South Carolina Lowcountry: Who was here before Captain William Hilton? Learnmore...
Fish Haul Creek
The broad, meandering tidal creek which drains Springfield Plantation into Port Royal Sound has usually been known as Fish Haul Creek although it was briefly known as Mitchelville Creek. The name apparently derives from the Anglican word ‘gaul’, meaning a ‘bay’; ‘fish gaul’ is rough and difficult of pronunciation, easily becoming ‘fish haul’. As early as the 1767 will of Samuel Green who lived on its west shore, it was called Fish Haul Creek. Fish Haul Plantation, so called by John Barnwell, Jr. when he sold it in 1760, was a principal seat of the Pope family who inherited itmore...
190 Mitchellville Road, Tarpon Trail
Faces Port Royal Sound, Barker Field is nearby
Located on Port Royal Sound in Mitchelville area
Earliest known date of existence: Antebellum
From the book, “Hilton Head Island Cemeteries”, Compiled by Karen Marsh Gobrecht And John Griffin
Names on stones: Ferguson, Campbell, Reyes, Israel, Murry, Singleton, Small, Mayton, Chaplin, Christopher, Owens, Bennett, Grant, Green. There are about 60 stones, still being used.
Louise Small: died Jan 18, 1906, age 94
Nicholas E. Christopher
These two stones face away from water:
Jas. Drayton; Co. G, 21 U.S.C. inf.
Adam Jenkins; Co. E, 21 U.S.C. inf.
J. no. Screven; Co. B, 21 U.S.C.I.
S. Christopher, Co. E, USCT Inf.more...
History Programs, Summer 2013
Historic Sites on Hilton Head Island
Presented by members of the History Department of the Heritage Library
Tuesdays, 10:30 - 11:30 am
Join us for a one-hour talk about the historic sites on the island accompanied by a map that you can then use for your own self-guided tour of the sites by car or by bicycle.Hilton Head Island has an extensive and varied history, and much of that history can still be seen and enjoyed at a variety of sites around the island. See the tabby remains of the Stoney-Baynardmore...
Fast Facts:General Information -
Location – bounded by Seabrook, Fish Haul, Cherry Hill, Sand Hill
Other names – Piney Woods
Harriet Pinckney and Daniel Jenkins may have sold this to the Popes in 1856. (See also Fish Haul Plantation, Pine Barrens)
R. C. McIntire bought in 1876 for $175.
W. P. Clyde, 1895
Thorne and Loomis, 1931.
Maps - Hack, Hilton Head, South Carolina, before 1861Bibliography - Holmgren, Research on Hilton Head Island Holmgren, Hilton Head, A Sea Island Chronicle
Also known as Piney Woods
One of the boundaries to the north of Fish Haul Plantation. The property belongedmore...
The items below are published by the Heritage Library Press and are available at the Library:
Hilton Head Island in the Civil War
Department of the South, by Robert Carse. Millenium Edition. Describes Hilton Head Island’s involvement in the Civil War: its invasion by the Union Army, and the bustling life during the War, with Union encampments and Mitchelville, the first town established for newly-freed slaves.
Our Family Circle
Authorized Version. Contains the text of 1987 version, originally compiled and issued in 1931 by Annie Elizabeth Miller of Macon, Georgia. Revised by the Rev. Dr. Robert E. H. Peeples of Hilton Head Island, SC.more...
Fish Haul Creek (Drayton) Plantation
Fast Facts:General Information - Location: along Port Royal SoundOwners -
Edmund Ellis and Samuel Green, jointly given an original Royal grant dated 7 May 1762 (SC Archives Royal Land Grants, vol. X, p. 220).
Edmund Ellis in 1775 left his holdings to his sons Thomas and Edmund.
Samuel Green took Fish Haul as his portion and left it to his son Samuel and his Colginse Point Plantation to his daughters Sarah and Susannah in his will of 24 February 1767.
Sarah Green eventually controlled all this property; married William Pope, Sr. after death of husband Thomas Tucker.
In 1856 400 acres ofmore...
Island Packet, January 8, 2010
This editorial appeared in The Island Packet January 8, 2010
Preserving Our Community History
Across a busy highway from a miniature golf course stands a serene Revolutionary War-era cemetery. Its tombstones, mausoleum and historical markers whisper stories that have captivated Hilton Head Island forever, or so it seems.
Somehow, the stories that entwine these silent remnants of a different era should speak louder than a whisper.
The keepers of that site at the intersection of William Hilton Parkway and Mathews Drive are speaking up for it. The Heritage Library Foundation thinks the stories of the Zion Chapel of Ease cemetery would interestmore...
History Lecture Schedule, Fall 2012
All history lectures and related programs are open to the public and will take place at the Heritage Library, 852 William Hilton Parkway, Suite 2A.
Fees for the lectures, unless otherwise noted, will be $10 for non-members, $8 for members. Couples will pay $15 for non-members and $12 for members.
Space is limited. Please call 686-6560 to register.
The Low Country Before the Europeans
Bill Altstaetter; Chairman, History Studies; Heritage Library Foundation
Tuesday, September 25, 2012, 1:30 - 3:00 pm
An overview of the geography and peoples living in the Low Country and South Atlantic Sea Island of North America before the arrival of themore...
Chronology of Hilton Head Island
A summary of memorable dates and events from 1520 to 1983 of the Common Era
1520 (Aug. 18)
In the name of Lucas Vasquea de Ayllon, Goberner, Pedro de Quexes discovered "Punta de Santa Helena" (Hilton Head Island).
Jean Ribault, representing Gaspard, Comte de Coligny, Admiral of France, leader of the Huguenot party, entered Port Royal Sound, which he then named.
King Charles II, King of England, granted Carolina to eight Lords Proprietors.
1663 (Sept. 28)
Captain William Hilton, exploring the Carolina coast at the behest of planters of Barbados, reached the Island, giving his name to the headland, a mariners' landmark for safely enteringmore...
Sundays at the Movies
The Heritage Library and the Arkhaios Film Festival present
Sundays at the Movies; A Showing of the Award-Winning South Carolina Movies from the 2014 Arkhaois Film Festival
Sundays, January 18 and 25, and February 1, 2015
Free Admission; Donations Gratefully Accepted
Refreshments Available for Purchase
Sunday, January 18: Horse Creek Valley: A Tale Worth the TellingDirectors and Producers: Jamie and Christi KoelkerUSA, 2011, 57 min.Horse Creek emerges from an area of land near the boundary line between Edgefield and Aiken counties in South Carolina. It meanders for almost 24 miles over rocks, around islands ofmore...