Census and Census Substitute Records

The census and census substitute records for the Hilton Head Island area are available online for our Premier members (see links below), or in our special collections at the library.

What are Census Substitutes? When there have never been any census, or when census records have been destroyed, almost any data base listing persons and families can be used as a substitute. A famous case is the 1790 census for Virginia which was lost and recreated from tax lists. This substitute has such credence that it is often accepted as a matter of course without caveat. This acceptance is in spite of it being data from six or eight years before 1790.


Click here for the 1940 Census of Hilton Head, Daufuskie, Pinckney, and Bulls Island.

Downloadable Files

1920 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township
1930 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township
1910 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township
1900 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township
1880 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township
1870 Federal Census, St. Luke's Parish
1890 Veterans Schedule
1880 Mortality Census, Bluffton Township
1875 Agricultural Census, Bluffton Township
1869 South Carolina State Census, Beaufort County
1868 Voter Registration
1868 Agricultural Census
1860 Mortality Table, St. Luke's Parish
1850 Mortality Census, St. Lukes Parish
South Carolina Genealogy & History Library

The Heritage Library Foundation
852 William Hilton Parkway | 2nd FloorSuite A-2
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina 29928
p. 843.686.6560 | f. 843.686-6506