The census and census substitute records for the Hilton Head Island area are available online for our Premier members (see links below), or in our special collections at the library.
What are Census Substitutes? When there have never been any census, or when census records have been destroyed, almost any data base listing persons and families can be used as a substitute. A famous case is the 1790 census for Virginia which was lost and recreated from tax lists. This substitute has such credence that it is often accepted as a matter of course without caveat. This acceptance is in spite of it being data from six or eight years before 1790.
Click here for the Federal Censuses of Daufuskie, Pinckney, and Bulls Island.
Click here for selected census records for Prince William, St. Helena's and St. Peter's Parishes.
1850 Mortality Census, St. Lukes Parish
1860 Census St. Lukes Parish - Sorted by Dwelling
1860 Census St. Lukes Parish - sorted by Surname
1860 Mortality Census St. Lukes Parish
1868 Agricultural Census
1868 Voter Registration
1869 South Carolina State Census, Beaufort County
1869 Militia Enrollments Hilton Head Island
1870 Federal Census St. Luke's Parish sorted by name
1870 Federal Census St. Luke's Parish sorted by location and dwelling
1870 Mortality Census St Lukes Parish
1875 Agricultural Census, Bluffton Township
1880 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township sorted by name
1880 Federal Census Hilton Head Twp sorted by dwelling and family
1880 Mortality Census, Bluffton Township
1890 Veterans Schedule
1900 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township, sorted by dwelling
1910 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township sorted by name
1910 Federal Census Hilton Head Island sorted by dwelling
1920 Federal Census Hilton Head Island sorted by last name
1920 Federal Census Hilton Head Island sorted by location
1930 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township sorted by name
1930 Federal Census Hilton Head Township sorted by location
1940 Census Hilton Head Sorted by Name
1940 Census Hilton Head Sorted by Date and Dwelling